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El Gran Índice

Los tutoriales JavaTM


El Gran Índice
Una lista de todas las páginas de contenido de Los tutoriales JavaTM

Ruta: Primeros pasos

El fenómeno de la tecnología Java
Acerca de la tecnología Java
¿Qué puede hacer la tecnología Java?
¿Cómo cambiará Java mi vida?
La aplicación «Hola Mundo!»
«Hola mundo» para el IDE NetBeans
«Hola mundo» para Microsoft Windows
«Hola mundo» para Solaris OS y Linux
Un vistazo más de cerca a la aplicación «Hola Mundo!»
Preguntas y ejercicios: Primeros pasos
Problemas comunes (y sus soluciones)

Ruta: El lenguaje Java

Conceptos de la programación orientada a objetos
¿Qué es un objeto?
¿Qué es una clase?
¿Qué es la herencia?
¿Qué es una interfaz?
¿Qué es un paquete?
Preguntas y ejercicios: Conceptos de la programación orientada a objetos
Lo básico del lenguaje
Variables
    Tipos de datos primitivos
    Arrays
    Resumen de variables
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Variables
Operators
    Operadores de asignación, aritméticos y unarios
    Operadores de igualdad, relacionales y condicionales
    Operadores a nivel de bit y de desplazamiento de bit
    Resumen de operadores
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Operadores
Expresiones, sentencias y bloques
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Expresiones, sentencias y bloques
Sentencias de control de flujo
    Las sentencias if-then e if-then-else
    La sentencia switch
    Las sentencias while y do-while
    La sentencia for
    Sentencias de ramificación
    Resumen de sentencias de control de flujo
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Sentencias de control de flujo
Clases y objetos
Clases
    Declaración de clases
    Declaración de variables de miembro
    Definición de métodos
    Proporcionar constructores para las clases
    Pasar información a un método o a un constructor
Objetos
    Creación de objetos
    Uso de objetos
Más acerca de clases
    Devolver un valor desde un método
    Uso de la palabra clave this
    Control del acceso a los miembros de una clase
    Comprensión de los miembros de instancia y de clase
    Inicialización de campos
    Resumen de la creación y uso de clases y objetos
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Clases
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Objetos
Clases anidadas
    Ejemplo de clase interna
    Resumen de clases anidadas
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Clases anidadas
Tipos enum
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Tipos enum
Anotaciones
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Anotaciones
Interfaces y herencia
Interfaces
    Definición de una interfaz
    Implementación de una interfaz
    Uso de una interfaz como tipo
    Reescritura de una interfaz
    Resumen de interfaces
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Interfaces
Herencia
    Sobrescritura y ocultación de métodos
    Ocultación de campos
    Uso de la palabra clave super
    Object como superclase
    Cómo escribir clases finales y métodos
    Métodos y clases abstractos
    Resumen de herencia
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Herencia
Números y cadenas
Números
    Las clases numéricas
    Cómo formatear la salida numérica
    Más allá de la aritmética básica
    Resumen de números
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Números
Caracteres
Cadenas
    Conversión entre números y cadenas
    Manipulación de caracteres en una cadena
    Comparación entre cadenas y porciones de cadenas
    La clase StringBuilder
    Resumen de caracteres y cadenas
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Caracteres y cadenas
Genéricos
    Introducción
    Tipos genéricos
    Métodos y constructores genéricos
    Restricción de los parámetros de tipo
    Subtipado
    Comodines
    Borrado de tipos
    Resumen de genéricos
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Genéricos
Paquetes
Creación y uso de paquetes
    Creación de un paquete
    Nombrado de un paquete
    Uso de miembros de un paquete
    Gestión de archivos fuente y clases
    Resumen de creación y uso de paquetes
    Preguntas y ejercicios: Creación y uso de paquetes

Trail: Essential Classes

Exceptions
What Is an Exception?
The Catch or Specify Requirement
Catching and Handling Exceptions
The try Block
The catch Blocks
The finally Block
Putting It All Together
Specifying the Exceptions Thrown by a Method
How to Throw Exceptions
Chained Exceptions
Creating Exception Classes
Unchecked Exceptions — The Controversy
Advantages of Exceptions
Summary
Questions and Exercises
Basic I/O
I/O Streams
Byte Streams
Character Streams
Buffered Streams
Scanning and Formatting
        Scanning
        Formatting
I/O from the Command Line
Data Streams
Object Streams
File I/O
File Objects
Random Access Files
The New I/O Packages
Summary
Preguntas y ejercicios: Basic I/O
Concurrency
Processes and Threads
Thread Objects
Defining and Starting a Thread
Pausing Execution with Sleep
Interrupts
Joins
The SimpleThreads Example
Synchronization
Thread Interference
Memory Consistency Errors
Synchronized Methods
Intrinsic Locks and Synchronization
Atomic Access
Liveness
Deadlock
Starvation and Livelock
Guarded Blocks
Immutable Objects
A Synchronized Class Example
A Strategy for Defining Immutable Objects
High Level Concurrency Objects
Lock Objects
Executors
        Executor Interfaces
        Thread Pools
Concurrent Collections
Atomic Variables
For Further Reading
Preguntas y ejercicios: Concurrency
The Platform Environment
Configuration Utilities
Properties
Command-Line Arguments
Environment Variables
Other Configuration Utilities
System Utilities
Command-Line I/O Objects
System Properties
The Security Manager
Miscellaneous Methods in System
PATH and CLASSPATH
Preguntas y ejercicios: The Platform Environment
Regular Expressions
Introduction
Test Harness
String Literals
Character Classes
Predefined Character Classes
Quantifiers
Capturing Groups
Boundary Matchers
Methods of the Pattern Class
Methods of the Matcher Class
Methods of the PatternSyntaxException Class
Additional Resources
Preguntas y ejercicios: Regular Expressions

Trail: Deployment

Packaging Programs in JAR Files
Using JAR Files: The Basics
Creating a JAR File
Viewing the Contents of a JAR File
Extracting the Contents of a JAR File
Updating a JAR File
Running JAR-Packaged Software
Working with Manifest Files: The Basics
Understanding the Default Manifest
Modifying a Manifest File
Setting an Application's Entry Point
Adding Classes to the JAR File's Classpath
Setting Package Version Information
Sealing Packages within a JAR File
Signing and Verifying JAR Files
Understanding Signing and Verification
Signing JAR Files
Verifying Signed JAR Files
Using JAR-related APIs
The JarClassLoader Class
The JarRunner Class
Java Web Start
Running Java Web Start Applications
Deploying Java Web Start Applications
Developing Java Web Start Applications
The JNLP API
Java Web Start and Security
Common Java Web Start Problems
Preguntas y ejercicios: Java Web Start
Applets
Getting Started with Applets
Importing Classes and Packages for Applets
Defining an Applet Subclass
The Life Cycle of an Applet
Methods for Milestones
Methods for Drawing and Event Handling
Methods for Adding UI Components
What Applets Can and Can't Do
Taking Advantage of the Applet API
Finding and Loading Data Files
Displaying Short Status Strings
Displaying Documents in the Browser
Sending Messages to Other Applets
Playing Sounds
Defining and Using Applet Parameters
        Deciding Which Parameters to Support
        Writing the Code to Support Parameters
        Giving Information about Parameters
Using the APPLET Tag
Practical Considerations When Writing Applets
Security Restrictions
Creating a User Interface
        Creating a GUI
        Displaying Diagnostics to the Standard Output and Error Streams
Getting System Properties
Threads in Applets
        Threads in Applets: Examples
Working with a Server-Side Application
        A Simple Network Client Applet
        Using a Server to Work Around Security Restrictions
Finishing an Applet
Before You Ship that Applet
The Perfectly Finished Applet
Deploying Applets
General Deployment Considerations
Using the applet Tag
Using the object Tag
Using the embed Tag
Deploying Applets in a Mixed-Browser Environment
Solving Common Applet Problems
Preguntas y ejercicios: Java Applets

Trail: Graphical User Interfaces

A Brief Introduction to the Swing Package
What is Swing?
A Swing Demo
Swing Features
A Visual Guide to Swing Components (Java Look and Feel)
A Visual Guide to Swing Components (Windows Look and Feel)
Pluggable Look and Feel
Data Transfer
Internationalization and Localization
Accessibility
Integrating with the Desktop
System Tray Icon Support
Preguntas y ejercicios: Graphical User Interfaces

Trail: Creating a GUI with JFC/Swing

Getting Started with Swing
About the JFC and Swing
Compiling and Running Swing Programs
Learning Swing with the NetBeans IDE
Setting up the CelsiusConverter Project
NetBeans IDE Basics
Creating the CelsiusConverter GUI
Adjusting the CelsiusConverter GUI
Adding the Application Logic
Preguntas y ejercicios: Learning Swing with the NetBeans IDE
Using Swing Components
Using Top-Level Containers
The JComponent Class
Using Text Components
Text Component Features
The Text Component API
How to Use Various Components
How to Make Applets
How to Use Buttons, Check Boxes, and Radio Buttons
How to Use the ButtonGroup Component
How to Use Color Choosers
How to Use Combo Boxes
How to Make Dialogs
How to Use Editor Panes and Text Panes
How to Use File Choosers
How to Use Formatted Text Fields
How to Make Frames (Main Windows)
How to Use Internal Frames
How to Use Labels
How to Use Layered Panes
How to Use Lists
How to Use Menus
How to Use Panels
How to Use Password Fields
How to Use Progress Bars
How to Use Root Panes
How to Use Scroll Panes
How to Use Separators
How to Use Sliders
How to Use Spinners
How to Use Split Panes
How to Use Tabbed Panes
How to Use Tables
How to Use Text Areas
How to Use Text Fields
How to Use Tool Bars
How to Use Tool Tips
How to Use Trees
How to Use HTML in Swing Components
How to Use Models
How to Use Icons
How to Use Borders
Solving Common Component Problems
Preguntas y ejercicios: Using Swing Components
Concurrency in Swing
Initial Threads
The Event Dispatch Thread
Worker Threads and SwingWorker
Simple Background Tasks
Tasks that Have Interim Results
Canceling Background Tasks
Bound Properties and Status Methods
Preguntas y ejercicios: Concurrency in Swing
Using Other Swing Features
How to Integrate with the Desktop Class
How to Use Actions
How to Use Swing Timers
How to Support Assistive Technologies
How to Use the Focus Subsystem
How to Use Key Bindings
How to Use Modality in Dialogs
How to Print Tables
How to Print Text
How to Create a Splash Screen
How to Use the System Tray
Solving Common Problems Using Other Swing Features
Laying Out Components Within a Container
A Visual Guide to Layout Managers
Using Layout Managers
How Layout Management Works
How to Use Various Layout Managers
How to Use BorderLayout
How to Use BoxLayout
How to Use CardLayout
How to Use FlowLayout
How to Use GridBagLayout
How to Use GridLayout
How to Use GroupLayout
A GroupLayout Example
How to Use SpringLayout
Creating a Custom Layout Manager
Doing Without a Layout Manager (Absolute Positioning)
Solving Common Layout Problems
Preguntas y ejercicios: Laying Out Components within a Container
Modifying the Look and Feel
How to Set the Look and Feel
The Synth Look and Feel
A Synth Example
Drag and Drop and Data Transfer
Introduction to DnD
Default DnD Support
Demo - BasicDnD
TransferHandler Class
Export Methods
Import Methods
TransferSupport Class
Setting the Drop Mode
Demo - DropDemo
Choosing the Drop Action
Demo - ChooseDropAction
Showing the Drop Location
Location Sensitive Drop
Demo - LocationSensitiveDemo
Empty Table Drop
Drop Location Rendering
Top-Level Drop
Adding Cut, Copy and Paste (CCP)
CCP in a Text Component
CCP in a non-Text Component
Using and Creating a DataFlavor
Putting it All Together - DnD and CCP
Further Information
Solving Common Data Transfer Problems
Writing Event Listeners
Introduction to Event Listeners
General Information about Writing Event Listeners
Listeners Supported by Swing Components
Implementing Listeners for Commonly Handled Events
How to Write an Action Listener
How to Write a Caret Listener
How to Write a Change Listener
How to Write a Component Listener
How to Write a Container Listener
How to Write a Document Listener
How to Write a Focus Listener
How to Write an Internal Frame Listener
How to Write an Item Listener
How to Write a Key Listener
How to Write a List Data Listener
How to Write a List Selection Listener
How to Write a Mouse Listener
How to Write a Mouse-Motion Listener
How to Write a Mouse-Wheel Listener
How to Write a Property Change Listener
How to Write a Table Model Listener
How to Write a Tree Expansion Listener
How to Write a Tree Model Listener
How to Write a Tree Selection Listener
How to Write a Tree-Will-Expand Listener
How to Write an Undoable Edit Listener
How to Write Window Listeners
Listener API Table
Solving Common Event-Handling Problems
Preguntas y ejercicios: Writing Event Listeners
Performing Custom Painting
Creating the Demo Application (Step 1)
Creating the Demo Application (Step 2)
Creating the Demo Application (Step 3)
Refining the Design
A Closer Look at the Paint Mechanism
Summary
Solving Common Painting Problems

Trail: Collections

Introduction to Collections
Interfaces
The Collection Interface
The Set Interface
The List Interface
The Queue Interface
The Map Interface
Object Ordering
The SortedSet Interface
The SortedMap Interface
Summary of Interfaces
Preguntas y ejercicios: Interfaces
Implementations
Set Implementations
List Implementations
Map Implementations
Queue Implementations
Wrapper Implementations
Convenience Implementations
Summary of Implementations
Preguntas y ejercicios: Implementations
Algorithms
Custom Collection Implementations
Interoperability
Compatibility
API Design

Trail: Internationalization

Introduction
A Quick Example
Before Internationalization
After Internationalization
Running the Sample Program
Internationalizing the Sample Program
Checklist
Setting the Locale
Creating a Locale
Identifying Available Locales
The Scope of a Locale
Locale-Sensitive Services SPI
Isolating Locale-Specific Data
About the ResourceBundle Class
Preparing to Use a ResourceBundle
Backing a ResourceBundle with Properties Files
Using a ListResourceBundle
Customizing Resource Bundle Loading
Formatting
Numbers and Currencies
Using Predefined Formats
Customizing Formats
Dates and Times
Using Predefined Formats
Customizing Formats
Changing Date Format Symbols
Messages
Dealing with Compound Messages
Handling Plurals
Working with Text
Checking Character Properties
Comparing Strings
Performing Locale-Independent Comparisons
Customizing Collation Rules
Improving Collation Performance
Detecting Text Boundaries
About the BreakIterator Class
Character Boundaries
Word Boundaries
Sentence Boundaries
Line Boundaries
Converting Non-Unicode Text
Byte Encodings and Strings
Character and Byte Streams
Normalizer's API
Internationalization of Network Resources
Internationalized Domain Name
Internationalized Resource Identifier

Trail: 2D Graphics

Overview of the Java 2D API Concepts
Coordinates
Java 2D Rendering
Geometric Primitives
Text
Images
Printing
Getting Started with Graphics
Working with Geometry
Drawing Geometric Primitives
Drawing Arbitrary Shapes
Stroking and Filling Graphics Primitives
Working with Text APIs
Selecting a Font
Measuring Text
Advanced Text Display
Displaying Antialiased Text by Using Rendering Hints
Using Text Attributes to Style Text
Drawing Multiple Lines of Text
Working with Images
Reading/Loading an Image
Drawing an Image
Creating and Drawing to an Image
Writing/Saving an Image
Printing
A Basic Printing Program
Using Print Setup Dialogs
Printing a Multiple Page Document
Working with Print Services and Attributes
Printing the Contents of a User Interface
Printing Support in Swing Components
Advanced Topics in Java2D
Transforming Shapes, Text, and Images
Clipping the Drawing Region
Compositing Graphics
Controlling Rendering Quality
Constructing Complex Shapes from Geometry Primitives
Supporting User Interaction

Trail: Sound

Overview of the Sampled Package
Accessing Audio System Resources
Playing Back Audio
Capturing Audio
Processing Audio with Controls
Using Files and Format Converters
Overview of the MIDI Package
Accessing MIDI System Resources
Transmitting and Receiving MIDI Messages
Introduction to Sequencers
Using Sequencer Methods
Using Advanced Sequencer Features
Synthesizing Sound
Introduction to the Service Provider Interfaces
Providing Sampled-Audio Services
Providing MIDI Services

Trail: JavaBeans(TM)

JavaBeans Concepts
Using the NetBeans GUI Builder
Writing a Simple Bean
Properties
Simple Properties
Bound Properties
Constrained Properties
Indexed Properties
Manipulating Events
Bean Persistence
Long Term Persistence
Introspection
Bean Customization
Using the BeanContext API
Overview of the BeanContext API
Bean Context #1: Containment Only
Bean Context #2: Containment and Services
AWT Containers and the BeanContextProxy Interface

Trail: JDBC(TM) Database Access

JDBC Introduction
JDBC Architecture
A Relational Database Overview
JDBC Basics
Getting Started
Setting Up a Database
Establishing a Connection
Setting Up Tables
Retrieving Values from Result Sets
Updating Tables
Milestone: The Basics of JDBC
Using Prepared Statements
Using Joins
Using Transactions
Stored Procedures
SQL Statements for Creating a Stored Procedure
Creating Complete JDBC Applications
Running the Sample Applications
Creating an Applet from an Application

Trail: Java Management Extensions (JMX)

Overview of the JMX Technology
Why Use the JMX Technology?
Architecture of the JMX Technology
Monitoring and Management of the Java Virtual Machine
Introducing MBeans
Standard MBeans
MXBeans
Notifications
Remote Management
Exposing a Resource for Remote Management By JConsole
Creating a Custom JMX Client

Trail: RMI

An Overview of RMI Applications
Writing an RMI Server
Designing a Remote Interface
Implementing a Remote Interface
Creating a Client Program
Compiling and Running the Example
Compiling the Example Programs
Running the Example Programs

Trail: Security Features in Java SE

Security Features Overview
Quick Tour of Controlling Applets
Observe Applet Restrictions
Set up a Policy File to Grant the Required Permission
Start Policy Tool
Grant the Required Permission
Save the Policy File
See the Policy File Effects
Quick Tour of Controlling Applications
Observe Application Freedom
See How to Restrict Applications
Set up the Policy File to Grant the Required Permissions
Open the Policy File
Grant the Required Permissions
Save the Policy File
See the Policy File Effects
API and Tools Use for Secure Code and File Exchanges
Signing Code and Granting It Permissions
Steps for the Code Signer
Download and Try the Sample Application
Create a JAR File Containing the Class File
Generate Keys
Sign the JAR File
Export the Public Key Certificate
Steps for the Code Receiver
Observe the Restricted Application
Import the Certificate as a Trusted Certificate
Set Up a Policy File to Grant the Required Permission
        Start Policy Tool
        Specify the Keystore
        Add a Policy Entry with a SignedBy Alias
        Save the Policy File
See the Policy File Effects
Exchanging Files
Steps for the Contract Sender
Create a JAR File Containing the Contract
Generate Keys
Sign the JAR File
Export the Public Key Certificate
Steps for the Contract Receiver
Import the Certificate as a Trusted Certificate
Verify the JAR File Signature
Generating and Verifying Signatures
Generating a Digital Signature
Prepare Initial Program Structure
Generate Public and Private Keys
Sign the Data
Save the Signature and the Public Key in Files
Compile and Run the Program
Verifying a Digital Signature
Prepare Initial Program Structure
Input and Convert the Encoded Public Key Bytes
Input the Signature Bytes
Verify the Signature
Compile and Run the Program
Weaknesses and Alternatives
Implementing Your Own Permission
TerrysGame
The HighScore Class
The HighScorePermission Class
A Sample Policy File
Putting It All Together
Steps for the HighScore Developer (Chris)
Steps for the TerrysGame Developer (Terry)
Steps for a User Running TerrysGame (Kim)

Trail: The Extension Mechanism

Creating and Using Extensions
Installed Extensions
Download Extensions
Understanding Extension Class Loading
Making Extensions Secure
Setting Privileges for Extensions
Sealing Packages in Extensions

Trail: The Reflection API

Classes
Retrieving Class Objects
Examining Class Modifiers and Types
Discovering Class Members
Troubleshooting
Members
Fields
Obtaining Field Types
Retrieving and Parsing Field Modifiers
Getting and Setting Field Values
Troubleshooting
Methods
Obtaining Method Type Information
Retrieving and Parsing Method Modifiers
Invoking Methods
Troubleshooting
Constructors
Finding Constructors
Retrieving and Parsing Constructor Modifiers
Creating New Class Instances
Troubleshooting
Arrays and Enumerated Types
Arrays
Identifying Array Types
Creating New Arrays
Getting and Setting Arrays and Their Components
Troubleshooting
Enumerated Types
Examining Enums
Getting and Setting Fields with Enum Types
Troubleshooting

Trail: Custom Networking

Overview of Networking
What You May Already Know About Networking in Java
Networking Basics
Working with URLs
What Is a URL?
Creating a URL
Parsing a URL
Reading Directly from a URL
Connecting to a URL
Reading from and Writing to a URLConnection
All About Sockets
What Is a Socket?
Reading from and Writing to a Socket
Writing the Server Side of a Socket
All About Datagrams
What Is a Datagram?
Writing a Datagram Client and Server
Broadcasting to Multiple Recipients
Programmatic Access to Network Parameters
What Is a Network Interface?
Retrieving Network Interfaces
Listing Network Interface Addresses
Network Interface Parameters
Working With Cookies
HTTP State Management With Cookies
CookieHandler Callback Mechanism
Default CookieManager
Custom CookieManager

Trail: Bonus

Generics
Introduction
Defining Simple Generics
Generics and Subtyping
Wildcards
Generic Methods
Interoperating with Legacy Code
The Fine Print
Class Literals as Runtime-Type Tokens
More Fun with Wildcards
Converting Legacy Code to Use Generics
Acknowledgements
Full-Screen Exclusive Mode API
Full-Screen Exclusive Mode
Display Mode
Passive vs. Active Rendering
Double Buffering and Page Flipping
BufferStrategy and BufferCapabilities
Examples
Preparation for Java Programmer Language Certification

Trail: Java Naming and Directory Interface(TM).

Naming and Directory Concepts
Directory Concepts
Overview of JNDI
Naming Package
Directory and LDAP Packages
Event and Service Provider Packages
Software Setup
LDAP Setup
Java Application Setup
Naming and Directory Operations
Naming Exceptions
Lookup an Object
List the Context
Add, Replace or Remove a Binding
Rename
Create and Destroy Subcontexts
Attribute Names
Read Attributes
Modify Attributes
Add, Replace Bindings with Attributes
Search
Basic Search
Filters
Scope
Result Count
Time Limit
Trouble Shooting Tips
Advanced Topics for LDAP Users
LDAP v3
JNDI as an LDAP API
How LDAP Operations Map to JNDI APIs
How LDAP Error Codes Map to JNDI Exceptions
Security
Modes of Authenticating to LDAP
Authentication Mechanisms
Anonymous
Simple
SASL
Digest-MD5
SSL and Custom Sockets
More LDAP Operations
LDAP Compare
Search Results
     LDAP Unsolicited Notifications
Connection Management
Creation
     Closing
Pooling
Configuration
Frequently Asked Questions
Java Objects in the Directory
Storing and Reading Objects
Serializable Objects
New features in JDK 5.0 and JDK 6
Retrieving Distinguished Name
Standard LDAP Controls
Paged Results Control
Sort Control
Manage Referral Control
Manipulating LdapName (Distinguished Name)
Manipulating Relative Distringuished Name (RDN)
Setting Timeout for Ldap Operations

Trail: Drag and Drop


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Copyright de la traducción al español Lucas Vieites